Uemura Shōen (上村 松園, Uemura Tsune, 1875 - 1949) was the pseudonym of an important female artist in Meiji, Taishō and early Shōwa period Japanese painting. Shōen was known primarily for her bijin-ga paintings of beautiful women in the nihonga style, although she produced numerous works on historical themes and traditional subjects. Shōen is considered a major innovator in the bijin-ga genre despite the fact she often still used it to depict the traditional beauty standards of women.
Shōen received many awards and forms of recognition during her lifetime within Japan, being the first female recipient of the Order of Culture award, as well as being hired as the Imperial Household's official artist. A painting titled ""楊貴妃"" (Yohki Hime, Princess Yohki) is now at the Shōhaku Art Museum in Nara. Uemura Shōen's works have been selected as the subject of commemorative postage stamps twice by the Japanese government.