John Constable, 1776-1837, an English Romantic painter, was known principally for his landscape art. Constable paintings are now among the most popular and valuable in British art. His most famous oil paintings include Dedham Vale of 1802 and The Hay Wain of 1821. Constable's watercolours were also remarkably free for their time: Stonehenge, 1835, with its double rainbow, is often considered to be one of the greatest watercolours ever painted. Constable art inspired not only contemporaries like Delacroix, but the Barbizon School, and the French impressionists. -- Read Constable's biography >>
The Auction Records / Prices of Works by John Constable
John Constable (1776-1837) was an English landscape painter who is considered one of the greatest artists of the Romantic era. He is known for his depictions of the English countryside, particularly the area around his home in Suffolk. His works are characterized by their expressive skies, attention to natural detail, and ability to capture the light and mood of the landscape. Here are some of the auction records of works by John Constable:
1. "The Lock" (1824): This painting, which shows a rural lock on the River Stour, sold for £22.4 million (approximately $35.2 million) at Christie's London in 2012, setting a new record for a work by the artist.
2. "Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows" (1831): This painting, which shows the cathedral spire rising above a landscape of storm clouds and a rainbow, sold for £21.1 million (approximately $33.9 million) at Christie's London in 2013.
3. "The White Horse" (1819): This painting, which shows a white horse standing in a field near Dedham, sold for £7.2 million (approximately $11 million) at Christie's London in 2014.
4. "The Lock" (1824): Another version of this painting, which shows the same rural lock on the River Stour, sold for $12 million at Sotheby's New York in 2011.
5. "View on the Stour near Dedham" (1822): This painting, which shows a tranquil view of the River Stour, sold for $9.4 million at Christie's New York in 2010.
6. "The Opening of Waterloo Bridge: Seen from Whitehall Stairs" (1832): This painting, which shows people in boats on the Thames River watching the opening of the new bridge, sold for £2.3 million (approximately $3.5 million) at Christie's London in 2019.
7. "Wivenhoe Park, Essex" (1816): This painting of the park at the University of Essex, which Constable attended when it was a college, sold for £3.5 million (approximately $5.6 million) at Christie's London in 2013.
8. "John Fisher, Bishop of Salisbury" (1834): This portrait of the bishop, which was painted during Constable's final years, sold for $5.9 million at Sotheby's New York in 2015.
9. "Dedham Vale: Morning" (1811): This painting of Dedham Vale in Suffolk, which is one of Constable's most famous works, sold for £9.6 million (approximately $18.7 million) at Christie's London in 2015.
10. "Hampstead Heath with Rainbow" (1836): This painting of a rainbow over the Hampstead Heath in London sold for £3.7 million (approximately $4.7 million) at Christie's London in 2014.
11. "Boat-Building near Flatford Mill" (1815): This painting, which depicts a boat being built near the artist's family home in Suffolk, sold for £1.2 million (approximately $1.5 million) at Christie's London in 2013.
12. "Goldau and the Lake of Zug" (c. 1810): This painting, which was created during Constable's travels in Switzerland, sold for CHF 9.285 million (approximately $10 million) at Sotheby's Zurich in 2018.
These auction records demonstrate the continued importance and popularity of John Constable's landscape paintings, which remain highly valued for their ability to capture the essence of the English countryside and its changing moods.
The auction records of works by John Constable demonstrate the enduring appeal of his depictions of the English countryside and his masterful technique. His paintings continue to set notable prices at auction, reflecting their value to collectors and institutions worldwide and their historical significance as examples of English landscape painting.
The prices of his art depend on several factors, including the size and condition of the artwork, the year it was created, and the rarity of the painting.
For example, in 2012, John Constable's oil painting, The Lock, sold at a Christie's auction for a record-breaking £22.4 million ($35.2 million). This painting is considered one of Constable's masterpieces and was completed in 1824, depicting the countryside of the Stour River in Suffolk. The record sale price underscored the enduring appeal and value of Constable's paintings, especially the larger and more famous ones.
While Constable's masterpieces command the highest prices, his other works are also highly valuable. Depending on their size and condition, many of his paintings sell at auction for between $500,000 and $5 million.
Prints and reproductions of Constable's work are available at lower prices, ranging from several hundred to a few thousand dollars, depending on the quality and authenticity of the reproduction.
In conclusion, John Constable's paintings are highly valued and considered masterpieces of the Romantic era. The prices of his works vary widely, with large and well-known paintings selling for millions of dollars at auction, while smaller, lesser-known pieces can still command hundreds of thousands of dollars. Collectors and art enthusiasts are willing to pay top dollar for Constable's original works, and his art continues to appreciate in value over time.
The Biography of Artist John Constable
John Constable (1776-1837) was an English landscape painter, born in Suffolk, England. He is known for his works that depict the scenic beauty of the English countryside, particularly the rural landscapes around his birthplace in East Anglia.
Constable was the son of a wealthy mill owner, and for a time, his father hoped he would become a businessman. However, Constable's passion for art was apparent from a young age, and he eventually convinced his father to allow him to study painting. He entered the Royal Academy of Art in London in 1799, where he studied under the renowned artist Joseph Farington.
In 1802, Constable exhibited his first works at the Royal Academy, and his paintings were well-received by critics, cementing his reputation as a landscape painter. His style was influenced by the Dutch landscape painters, particularly Jacob van Ruisdael.
Throughout his career, Constable continued to depict the countryside of East Anglia, particularly the area around Dedham and Flatford, where he spent much of his time. His works focused on the changing moods of nature, particularly the skies and the weather, and often featured iconic rural landmarks like the River Stour, as well as working people like farmers and fishermen.
Although Constable was not commercially successful during his lifetime, his works were instrumental in the development of the English landscape painting tradition, and he is now recognized as one of the greatest landscape painters in art history. His works have inspired generations of artists, including the Impressionists, and continue to be highly valued and sought after by collectors around the world.
Analyses Famous Paintings by John Constable
John Constable was an influential landscape painter in the Romanticism movement whose works are widely regarded as a significant representation of the natural beauty and idyllic countryside scene of England. Here are analyses of some of his famous paintings:
1. "The Hay Wain" - This painting is one of Constable's most famous works that depict a tranquil and pastoral landscape of the River Stour Valley in Suffolk, England. The painting is characterized by its soft tones and delicate use of light and color. The sun-drenched sky, the peaceful river, and the greenery surrounding the hay wagon create a sense of calm and serenity, inviting the viewer to immerse themselves in the tranquil countryside scene.
2. "Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows" - This painting showcases a dramatic landscape scene in which the massive Salisbury Cathedral is featured in the midst of stormy, unsettled skies. This contrast between the man-made structure and the stormy skies represents the tumultuous and unpredictable nature of life. The striking use of color and light brings energy to the painting, with the dark skies and bright light illuminating the landscape producing an emotionally charged atmosphere.
3. "Dedham Vale" - In this painting, Constable depicted the beauty of the English countryside in rich detail. The painting showcases the natural serenity of the Dedham Vale in Suffolk, a place where Constable grew up. The painting uses earthy green tones to capture the lush fields and overall tranquility of the rural landscape.
1. "Flatford Mill" - This painting is another of Constable's famous works and is set on the River Stour. The view features the Flatford Mill, which is bathed in the gentle sunlight of a summer day. The way the trees frame the mill is masterful, with a harmonious play of light and shadow capturing the lush riverside landscape. The use of earthy tones and intricate brushstrokes in the painting creates a sense of tranquility and a feeling of being transported to the countryside.
2. "Wivenhoe Park, Essex" - This painting portrays an elegant view of Wivenhoe Park, where Constable's wife's family resided. The painting features the mansion nestled in the heart of the park, surrounded by trees, and the expansive landscape that stretches out to the horizon. The depth, richness, and atmospheric effects of the painting draw the viewer into the scene and create a feeling of contentment and awe.
3. "The Opening of the Waterloo Bridge" - This painting depicts the royal event of the opening of the Waterloo Bridge in 1817, several years after the Battle of Waterloo. The painting's focus is not on the bridge but on the people present at the ceremony, with a commissioned band situated on a barge performing while surrounded by boats and barges bobbing in the Thames. Constable's astute attention to detail is in full display throughout the painting, skillfully capturing the faces, costumes, and emotions of the people present.
John Constable's works portray an insightful, emotional and contemplative view of the surrounding natural world. His paintings convey his love of the countryside, featuring gentle and tranquil scenes of greenery, trees, water, and light that leave a lasting impression on their viewers. Constable's ability to capture the essence of his surroundings in the natural world in a distinct and inspired way with minute attention to detail and focus on subtlety is a testament to why his reputation as an innovative artist endures even in modern times.
Constable's paintings are known for their naturalism, attention to detail, and capturing the beauty of the English countryside. His ability to capture the essence of nature and convey the sense of tranquility and harmony with the calming effect of the presented landscape uniquely endures. The use of subtle colors, delicate light, and detailed brushwork produces masterpieces that spiritedly depict the rural English countryside in a manner that is both captivating and soothing to the viewer's eyes. Constable's works are iconic, and their influence can still be felt in contemporary art galleries and museums today.
The Features of Artworks by John Constable
John Constable was a prominent figure in English landscape painting widely acknowledged for his romantic depictions of the English countryside. Here are some of the features that characterize artworks by John Constable:
1. Naturalism - Constable's paintings are characterized by his ability to achieve a natural and realistic representation of the English countryside. He had a keen eye for the subtle details of nature such as the texture of trees, the reflection of light on water, and the movement of clouds. These details combine to create a naturalistic portrayal of the beauty of the English countryside.
2. Capturing light and weather - Constable's art showcased his fascination with the play of light and weather conditions. His paintings often capture natural phenomena such as the play of light on a sunny day, the dullness of a rainy day, sunsets, atmospheric changes, and more in his paintings, were used to great effect to highlight the picturesque beauty of the English countryside.
3. Emphasis on the sky and the weather - Constable's artworks are known for their focus on the sky and the changing patterns of weather. He was particularly interested in painting the unusual effects of light cast by the changing atmosphere, which is why his famous paintings always feature a sky with dramatic cloud formations that mirror the fleeting or enduring weather patterns and color shifts.
4. Genuine, unpretentious beauty - Constable's paintings showcase unassuming, simple landscapes that elevate the countryside to an authentic, unpretentious level of genuine beauty. His paintings depicted a mood of simplicity and calm that was well-suited to the countryside's timeless nature.
5. Appeal to emotion - John Constable's artworks are known for being emotionally evocative. He often used atmospheric conditions and natural phenomena to create a powerful connection with the viewer, evoking feelings of nostalgia, peace, or wonder. The peaceful and serene landscapes often created a sense of comfort and joy, while dramatic scenes evoked excitement and awe.
6. Preference for plein air painting - Constable preferred to paint outside, often on the spot. This approach allowed him to capture the raw feeling of being in the countryside and permitted him to appreciate fully the interplay between light and environment, framing, and perspective. Constable's plein air approach greatly added to the authenticity of his artworks.
7. Detail-oriented - Constable was known for his meticulously detailed paintings, achieved by a combination of a keen eye for observation and his technical mastery. He included intricate details within his landscapes, alongside his trademark atmospheric effects, which not only encouraged viewing from a distance but rewarded close-up examination.
8. Romantic Influences - John Constable's art was heavily influenced by the Romantic movement, which celebrated individualism and emotion, using nature as a source of inspiration. Constable's paintings are romantic in their expressiveness, and often playfully include human interaction with the natural environment.
In conclusion, John Constable was a master of landscape painting whose works captured the essence of the English countryside while evoking powerful emotions. The combination of his naturalism, emotional appeal, attention to detail, and plein air painting approach produced beautiful, evocative, and unforgettable works of art that hang in art galleries all over the world. Constable's legacy has stood the test of time and continues to inspire contemporary art today. Constable's artworks are notable for their naturalism, attention to detail, and ability to capture the essence and beauty of English countryside landscapes. The plays of light and weather, attention to detail, and unassuming simplicity in Constable's paintings brought forth the authenticity and natural beauty of the English countryside. His works have cemented him as one of the best artists to ever come out of the UK, and it is a standing testament to his unique vision and artistic gift that the depth of his influence can be felt today.
Why Choose John Constable Art as Home Decor?
John Constable's landscape paintings are a great choice for home decor for several reasons:
1. Timeless appeal: Constable's landscapes have a timeless quality that makes them suitable for any interior design style, from traditional to contemporary. They blend well with any color scheme, adding a touch of sophistication and tranquility to any room.
2. Nature's beauty: Constable's paintings capture the natural beauty of the English countryside with a unique and poetic sensibility. His works often feature long, rolling fields, big skies, and atmospheric conditions which change from painting to painting. Choosing a Constable painting as home decor helps bring the outdoors inside, creating a serene country atmosphere, even within an urban environment.
3. Emotional impact: Constable's paintings have the ability to evoke emotional responses in viewers. Looking at a Constable painting can create a sense of calm, serenity, and nostalgia, allowing viewers to escape from the pressures of daily life and unwind.
4. Historical significance: John Constable was a pivotal figure in the development of British art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and his work is considered to be a cornerstone of the Romantic movement in painting. Home decor that includes Constable's paintings can add a historic touch to any space, and create a sense of depth and understanding of art history.
Overall, choosing John Constable's landscape paintings as home decor is an ideal way to add a touch of elegance, tranquility and historical significance to one's space. With its timeless beauty, emotional impact, and its ability to connect to the natural environment, a Constable painting can bring peace, calm and beauty to the everyday life.
How to Use John Constable Oil Paintings as Wall Decor
Using John Constable oil paintings as wall decor can add an elegant and timeless touch to your home's interiors. Here are some tips on how to display these artworks in your space:
1. Consider the style of your room - John Constable's oil paintings are best suited for traditionally-styled spaces. An elegantly-framed Constable painting would complement a room's features such as natural wood floors or traditional furnishing pieces.
2. Size and placement - The size of the painting and its placement depends on the size of the room and the availability of wall space. Choose a larger painting as the focal point for bigger rooms such as living rooms or hallways. At the same time, small paintings or a series of smaller paintings are ideal for cosier spaces like bedrooms and home offices.
3. Gallery wall - Consider creating a gallery wall with several Constable paintings to create a captivating wall display. You can group the works according to themes or categories, such as landscapes, portraits, or still lifes.
4. Framing - Select complementary frames to complement the style, colors, and textures of the painting. A high-quality wooden frame will add a touch of elegance to the artwork.
5. Lighting - Proper lighting is essential to showcase the painting's beauty and enhance its colours. You can use accent lights or wall sconces to accentuate the painting's details and create a warm and inviting ambiance.
In conclusion, John Constable's oil paintings are an ideal choice for traditional home decor. They evoke a serene and pastoral mood, making them a perfect addition to any interior space. Consider using these tips to display these timeless artworks in your home and enjoy the elegance and beauty they bring to the wall they grace.
John Constable: Handmade Oil Painting Reproduction vs. Prints
When it comes to John Constable's artwork, there are two primary methods of reproduction: handmade oil painting reproductions and prints. Here are some key differences between the two:
1. Authenticity: Handmade oil painting reproductions are true reproductions of Constable's original paintings, as they are created by artists who carefully recreate every brushstroke, detail, and color from the original painting. Prints, on the other hand, are copies produced through a mechanical process, such as lithography or digital printing. As a result, they lack the depth, texture, and authenticity of original oil paintings.
2. Quality: Handmade oil painting reproductions typically have a higher level of quality than prints. They use high-quality paints and canvases, and are created by skilled artists who have extensive training and experience in painting. As a result, they have a richness and depth of color that cannot be replicated by prints.
3. Value: Handmade oil painting reproductions are considered valuable pieces of artwork in their own right, as they are original works that capture the essence of Constable's original paintings. Prints, on the other hand, are considered reproductions that lack the uniqueness and value of an original painting.
4. Price: Handmade oil painting reproductions are often more expensive than prints, due to the higher level of quality, authenticity, and skill involved in their creation. However, they are considered an investment in art and can appreciate in value over time.
In summary, handmade oil painting reproductions are a better choice for art collectors who value authenticity, richness of color, and value as works of art. Prints are a more affordable option for those who want to enjoy Constable's artwork on a budget or as decorative pieces.
The Paintings of John Constable Reproduced by Toperfect
Toperfect is a reputable and trusted online platform for art lovers and collectors who are looking for high-quality reproductions of artwork by established artists such as John Constable. Here are some of the John Constable paintings reproduced by Toperfect:
1. "The Hay Wain" - Toperfect reproduced this famous painting in oil on canvas, exactly mirroring Constable's original brushstrokes. This reproduction includes vivid colors and intricate texture details that capture the essence of the original.
2. "Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows" - Toperfect carefully reproduced this iconic painting with great attention to detail using oil on canvas. This reproduction demonstrates the same technique Constable applied to capture the beauty of natural light, color, and weather, thus creating an almost identical copy of the original artwork.
3. "Dedham Vale" - Toperfect recreated this tranquil painting with a masterful replication of every artistic detail from the original. The reproduction carries over the soft and soothing colour palette, inviting anyone who gazes upon it into the calming, pastoral setting.
Toperfect prides itself on using high-quality materials to create each reproduction, and the expert artists devote their passion and skill to ensure the painting they produce is nothing less than museum-quality. The technical precision in the reproduction process allows collectors and enthusiasts to own an artwork identical to the original, only at a more affordable price. With Toperfect’s reproductions, anyone can experience a classic masterpiece firsthand in their homes.
In conclusion, Toperfect's expertly-crafted reproductions of John Constable paintings are indistinguishable copies of the original works of art. These masterful reproductions capture the essence of Constable's artwork, conveying a timeless beauty that will grace any home or office setting. The reproductions are the perfect way to own a stylish and classic painting affordably while still enjoying the aesthetic value of a true masterpiece.
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